Publicat la: 
11/07/2018

Arsurile solare

Arsurile solare reprezinta zone deteriorate ale pielii, cauzate de actiunea razelor ultraviolete. Pielea afectata devine rosie, fierbinte, inflamata si sensibila la atingere, se cojeste dupa o scurta perioada, iar vindecarea completa dureaza pana la 7 zile.

Desi pare o problema inofensiva, pot surveni complicatii cu trecerea timpului, favorizand aparitia cancerului de piele. Oamenii tind sa nu isi dea seama de nivelul de radiatii la care sunt expusi, in special la mare, unde vantul si temperaturile mai scazute din apa amelioreaza pe moment starea pielii.

Atentie: Chiar si cand cerul este noros, peste 70% din razele solare inca mai trec prin nori.

Remedii pentru arsurile solare

In primul rand, este necesar sa intrerupi expunerea la soare. Cu toate ca arsurile solare se pot trata si acasa, in cazul celor grave, poti intra in soc termic (stare generala de rau, frisoane, varsaturi, febra) si trebuie sa apelezi de urgenta la medic.

Ameliorarea simptomelor:

  • Aplicati comprese reci, faceti dusuri cu apa rece si nu utilizati sapun pe arsuri.
  • Folositi lotiuni care contin aloe vera pentru o hidratare puternica a pielii si creme post expunere care au substante calmante. 
  • Consumati multe lichide pentru a preveni deshidratarea si ametealea si pentru a inlocui lichidele pierdute.
  • Luati Ibuprofen pentru a reduce durerea. Arsurile solare reprezinta o reactie inflamatorie a pielii, astfel ca Ibuprofenul poate bloca aceasta reactie. Reduce durerea, roseata si edemul.
  • Daca apar basici, acestea trebuie sa se vindece natural, fara a fi sparte, pentru a evita accentuarea inflamatiei si aparitia infectiilor. In cazul in care se sparg, zona trebuie curatata cu apa si sapun si poate fi necesara aplicarea unui unguent cu antibiotic.

Simptome arsuri solare grave, care necesita consultul medical de urgenta:

  • Piele inflamata puternic
  • Frisoane
  • Febra
  • Varsaturi
  • Ameteala, 
  • Dureri de cap  
  • Stare generala de rau

Unii oameni sunt mai sensibili la actiunea razele ultraviolete. Persoanele cu risc mai mare de a suferi in urma expunerii la soare au:

  • Piele foarte alba,
  • Pistrui,
  • Tendinta spre ardere, nu spre bronzare,
  • Alunite in zone expuse,
  • Probleme de piele,
  • Expunere rara la soare in mod normal,
  • Antecedente de cancer de piele in familie.

Cancerul de piele nu este singura complicatie. Pot exista mai multe efecte ale expunerii indelungate la soare: (https://www.medlife.ro/efectele-expunerii-indelungate-la-soare-cum-ne-protejam-vara.html) pete pe piele, probleme ale ochilor, riduri si imbatranirea prematura a pielii. 

Prevenirea arsurilor solare

  1. Respectarea intervalului orar de expunere la soare. A se evita expunerea intre orele 10-10.30 dimineata si 16.30-17.00 dupa amiaza.
  2. Alegerea hainelor este foarte importanta: o palarie, o haina cu maneci, pantaloni sau fuste lungi, confectionate din materiale ce nu permit razelor sa patrunda si ochelari de soare.
  3. Foloseste crema de protectie solara. 
  4. Crema de protectie solara trebuie sa fie aleasa in functie de tipul de piele si sa fie de calitate.  
  5. Nu se folosesc creme de protectie solara care contin parfum. 
  6. Pe eticheta trebuie sa fie specificat ca se foloseste impotriva actiunii razelor ultraviolete, iar factorul de protectie trebuie sa fie de minim 15. 
  7. Este important sa fie folosita pe intreaga suprafata a corpului. 
  8. Aplica crema de protectie cu 30 de minute inainte de expunerea la soare si apoi la 2, 3 ore sau de cate ori este nevoie 
  9. O crema de protectie solara rezistenta la apa ramane activa cam 30 de minute cand esti in apa.

Ce se intampla cu pielea noastra cand stam la soare si cum functioneaza cremele de protectie solara https://www.medlife.ro/ce-se-intampla-cu-pielea-noastra-cand-stam-la-soare-si-cum-functioneaza-cremele-de-protectie-solara.htm

Mituri si adevaruri despre cremele de protectie solara https://www.medlife.ro/efectele-expunerii-indelungate-la-soare-cum-ne-protejam-vara.html

Sursa: NHS  (https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/sunburn/)
 

Taguri Medlife: 
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